Sure, you certainly need to drink plenty of water to help expedite the process of ridding your body of excess sodium, you can (and should!) also consume high-water content foods. Reach for cucumbers, tomatoes, watermelon, asparagus, grapes, celery, artichokes, pineapple, and cranberries — all of which contain diuretic properties that will also help you stay full due to their higher fiber content.
Ok so it’s not quite as terrifying as we’d first thought (no, it doesn’t actually choke you if you eat too much!). This contraption sits around your neck and by monitoring vibrations in your throat with a clever sensor, it can send an alert to you phone which buzzes if you go over your daily, or even the wrong kind of food. The WearSens, a metal ring developed by engineers in LA, has been tested on 30 people so far who all say it does work.
When it comes to losing weight, we have been told time and again to eat right and exercise regularly. From following a healthy diet plan to working out regime, those who want to lose weight leave no stone unturned to get a fitter body. But often, we miss on some basic yet important things which might also impact our weight loss journey. Here we have mentioned a few important things that must be followed to maintain a healthy body weight.
On the raw food diet you can eat anything that is unprocessed and uncooked, so knock yourself out with your choice of organic fruit and veg, nuts, seeds, beans, seaweed and purified water. The creators of this diet are very strict about one thing, that only 75% of food must be heated over 116°C. Fancy living on a diet of only raw vegetables? No, neither do we!
If you have a big celebration or date coming up, you might think it makes sense to “save” your calories for when it’s time to let loose, but this technique is rarely effective and could actually be hindering your ability to lose weight. “Although this makes sense in theory—consuming fewer calories total per day—it rarely works out as cleanly as we like,” Lisa Hayim spelled out for us in The 30 Worst Diet Mistakes You’re Making. “By the time you get to the date, and have a drink or two, the feelings of extreme hunger rush in, and you’re grabbing for whatever you can get your hands on, which is usually foods high in calories and fat. You’re so hungry, you may even end up consuming more than a day’s worth of calories in one sitting! Plus, with alcohol in your system, your body is less able to efficiently metabolize the calories,” explains Hayim. “Instead, consume normal meals throughout the day, arrive at your date cool, calm, and collected, and enjoy your cocktail and eat responsibly.”
Carb crazy? Consider this: Refined carbohydrates, such as bread, potatoes and rice, create a surge in insulin that in turn drives down your resting metabolic rate, explains Aronne. "It's important to keep carbohydrates in your diet, but really focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains, which have less of an effect on insulin levels," he explains. And when buying whole-grain breads and cereals, make sure the first ingredient listed is whole wheat, whole oat or cracked wheat.

You can avoid a mindless binge by adding visual traffic lights to your snack. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and Cornell University gave one set of students a bowl of uniform yellow chips, while another group had their regular snack layered with differently colored chips. Students who had their snack segmented ate 50 percent less than those with a uniform bowl.


We’ve been clear on the benefits of wild salmon, but those pink creatures are quite literally not the only fish in the sea. Generally speaking, fish provide one of the best sources of fatty acids known as omega-3s, which will help fend off waist-widening inflammation and are an excellent source of high-quality, lean protein. This allows them to help you maintain muscle mass, thus reducing excess fat accumulation. Some of our favorite healthy seafood include mussels, Atlantic mackerel, and bluefish, but be sure to educate yourself on the ocean dwellers with this list of Every Popular Fish—Ranked for Nutritional Benefits!
Yep, I second the other comment here. HS wrestlers (also, many other grappling sport athletes) aren’t given the full 24 hours to recover from depletion. Some sports have mat-side weigh-ins. Others are just given a few hours after weigh-in to replenish. For these sports, athletes are best served focusing on year-round nutrition strategies, ones that help them stay at a weight very close to the weight they’d like to compete at.

fat over


Are frequent meals your ticket to a better body? Experts say so! In a Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics study that sampled 2,385 adults, research participants who ate less than four times a day consumed more calories and had a higher BMI than those who sat down to eat at least six times. The scientists noticed that those who ate fewer meals consumed most of their calories at night and were more apt to drink alcohol with their meals while their ever-grazing counterparts tended to eat healthier, less calorically dense foods. To keep the weight flying off your frame, nosh on these high-protein snacks between meals.

Calcium and vitamin C team up well to boost metabolism, and broccoli is just one of several healthy foods that contains both nutrients. What sets broccoli apart from the others, however, is that the green veggie also contains kind of fiber that’s been shown to increase the digestion, absorption and storage of food, also known as the thermic effect of food (TEF). A revved up metabolism combined with an increased TEF is a match made in weight loss heaven, so consider incorporating broccoli into a tasty stir-fry, or serving it as its own side dish.

While you may think you’re doing yourself and your waistline a favor by stocking up on sugar-free goodies, the well-meaning habit is likely doing more harm than good. In a 2012 study in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers found that those who drank diet beverages had higher fasting glucose, thicker waists, lower HDL (good) cholesterol, higher triglycerides, and higher blood pressure. In other words, sugar-free cookies, soda, and the like may seem like the healthier option, but they contribute to a bulging belly and negatively impact your health in multiple ways.
We all know that nuts are a great healthy snack but often people get scared by the fact that too many can be bad news - when to stop?!? Well the American Pistachio Growers say that 37 pistachios are the equivalent of LESS THAN 100 calories! Plus nuts like almonds are high in fibre, which helps you feel satisfied in between meals. We don't need another excuse...

old women big belly


Our study provides the first piece of evidence from a controlled weight-loss trial that higher baseline plasma PFAS concentrations in adults are associated with a greater weight regain, especially in women, possibly due to suppressed RMR levels. These findings imply that overweight and obese individuals with relatively low PFAS exposures might potentially benefit more from weight-loss interventions. Although the production of PFOS and PFOA in the US has largely been phased out [31,63], the production of other PFASs, such as PFNA, may continue or even increase, especially in developing countries [64]. Given the persistence of these PFASs in the environment and the human body, their potential adverse effects remain a public health concern.
Evening eating is often the most problematic for women, as it can be related more to emotional issues than to real hunger. You're tired, lonely, bored, anxious; you want to relax or reward yourself after a tough day. But indulge too many nights in a row and that temporary water gain becomes permanent fat gain — and fatter abs, rather than the flat abs you want.
Eliminate sodium in diet tips # 2: Choose fresh, natural foods over fast, commercial or packaged foods. Instead of ordering french fries (265 milligrams of sodium), have a baked potato (8 milligrams). Instead of a pickle (1,730 milligrams!), enjoy a fresh cucumber (6 milligrams). And beware of cured meats: Three ounces of ham packs in 1,009 milligrams of sodium, compared to just 48 milligrams for the same amount of roast pork. Soups are also notoriously high in sodium; some canned varieties contain more than 1,100 milligrams per cup. Read labels carefully and stick with low-sodium brands like Healthy Choice.
Once you've chosen the best weight loss retreat for you, find out if there are things you can do prior to your visit to make the experience more valuable. For example, you might keep a food journal, begin an easy exercise program, or make an appointment with your doctor for a check-up. The more you can do before your visit the more likely you'll be to lose weight and keep the pounds off when you return home.
I have always had an athlete’s physique until my sophomore year of college when I gained about 50 lbs. Since then I’ve tried everything to lose the weight only to fail… Until I started the Fit Body Weight Loss Program and the weight came off easily! I dropped 9 lbs in just the first week! I went from 203 lbs to 182 lbs and dropped from a tight size 16 to a size 12 in just a little over a month! I’m now wearing clothes that I haven’t been able to fit into for over 2 years and now they are even loose on me! This program really worked for me when nothing else did!
The seven-day weight loss program is just $500 above your package and includes sustainable weight loss strategies; the first-hand experience in nutritious dining and meal preparation; encouragement to become more active; medical advice and support; guidance in establishing healthy habits; supportive setting; and personalized take-home plan for sustainable weight loss. You're also encouraged to take advantage of all the fun and activity that Canyon Ranch has to offer, everything from yoga and meditation classes to its exciting High Ropes Challenge Course and much more.

Christy is a spokesperson, nutrition and food writer and blogger for Huffington Post and others, a recipe developer and YouTube video producer. She is regularly interviewed by CTV National News, CBC, The Globe and Mail and many more on nutrition and health. She has her finger on the pulse of the latest nutrition and food science and trends, and synthesizes and prioritizes it just for you. 

If you need some Meatless Monday inspiration, look for veggies that contain less starch. In addition to being excellent sources of fiber, protein, and a host of other nutrients, healthy picks such as broccoli, cauliflower, cucumber, spinach, mushrooms, and tomatoes can help combat fat. In fact, one Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics study found that consuming more non-starchy veggies resulted in an impressive 17 percent decrease in visceral fat in overweight kids. Although you may be all grown up, it’s safe to assume that adding more veggies can help adults trim their fat, too.

At 9 a.m., I take a fitness class. My current go-to is a treadmill interval class, which energizes me in a whole different way than a cup of coffee does. That is followed by a medicine ball class done with partners, which is a fun way to combine strength and cardio training. Next is a group meditation, followed by an hour to recover, read, or write in my journal.


Green Mountain at Fox Run offers health and weight loss retreats for women only, which range from specialty weekends to 1-2-3-4 week programs, as well as extensive online resources, including recipes, tips, forum support, and complimentary webinars on a variety of topics ranging from mindfulness to binge eating. The panel of experts take particular care with young women to guide them to wellness at critical stages in their lives. 

In other words? “Drinking makes you more likely to eat sh*t,” Dr. Seltzer says, referring to drunk foods. At the same time, he stops short of asking patients to quit alcohol cold-turkey to lose weight. Plus, research suggests you don’t have to, as long as your intake is moderate—i.e., less than about a drink a day. “If you drink a glass of wine every night and notice you eat more afterward, eat less early to account for this,” he says. “Or, if you’re drinking four glasses of wine a week, drink three instead so you’ll won’t feel such a big difference.”

Some simple strategies, such as making protein a staple of meals and snacks or starting a weight loss routine with cardio before switching to weight training and resistance later on, can help support your weight loss goals. Many people find it beneficial to focus on small, achievable lifestyle goals to work on their emotional health alongside weight loss. For example, rather than looking for a low number on the scale, you may focus on reaching a point where you feel comfortable playing sports or attending a group fitness class. Similarly, aiming for moderate goals that can gradually build to bigger change can help you avoid the pitfalls of rapid, short-term solutions.
In 1973, a registered dietitian named Thelma Wayler took over an empty dorm room at Vermont’s Green Mountain College, and quietly started a revolution. Like most visionaries, Thelma was way ahead of her time in realizing that diets and fads were not the key to ending struggles with eating and weight loss. So she started a different kind of self-care retreat for adult women that was based on science and freedom of choice: Green Mountain at Fox Run.
We encourage practical participation and the program is dedicated to de-mystifying the weight loss journey. During your time at our resort, you will learn from our team of experts in Wellness, Nutrition, and Fitness whose sole purpose is to help you achieve your goals. We will teach you the practical steps you should take to continue your weight loss journey once you get back to your home life, and overcome the temptations and challenges you will undoubtedly face.
We’ve already discussed how the color red may act as an appetite suppressant (hence the need for red dishes) but apparently that’s not the only color you should be taking note of as you prepare to eat. Per a recent study from Cornell University, diners actually serve themselves more food if the color of their food matches the color of their plate. In other words, if you’re eating from a white plate, you’re more likely to help yourself to more rice or pasta. Conversely, if your goal is to eat less, select plates that have high contrast with what you plan to serve for dinner.

Now I'm starting my third month, and I have total control over my daily schedule. At this point, all the principles are ingrained and I understand what I need to do and why it's important, but I still have the support of the staff whenever I need it. I know that real life isn't going to be like a weight-loss resort, so this is the final step in preparing me for when I leaving here.
Skimp on fluids, and your body will release an antidiuretic hormone that leads to water retention that could affect the scale, Dr. Setlzer says. While this sneaky effect is one reason why the scale is a poor measure of body mass loss, you can outsmart it by drinking more—particularly if you fill your glass with water or non-calorie alternatives like unsweetened coffee and tea.
You can make alterations to this ratio depending on what foods you like, how your body responds, and your daily activity level. If you'd rather, you can change this ratio to make 30 percent of your calories from fat, 30 percent from carbs, and 40 percent from protein. Or, you can do a 20/30/50 split. The idea here is that macronutrient distribution does not follow a "one size fits all" template.
Continuing weight loss may deteriorate into wasting, a vaguely defined condition called cachexia.[30] Cachexia differs from starvation in part because it involves a systemic inflammatory response.[30] It is associated with poorer outcomes.[25][30][31] In the advanced stages of progressive disease, metabolism can change so that they lose weight even when they are getting what is normally regarded as adequate nutrition and the body cannot compensate. This leads to a condition called anorexia cachexia syndrome (ACS) and additional nutrition or supplementation is unlikely to help.[27] Symptoms of weight loss from ACS include severe weight loss from muscle rather than body fat, loss of appetite and feeling full after eating small amounts, nausea, anemia, weakness and fatigue.[27]
Skyterra Wellness Retreat & Weight Loss Spa offers an all-inclusive weight loss and fitness program in a beautiful mountain lake setting. Guests explore sustainable foundations of good health, sound nutrition, and mindful well-being, and enjoy daily fitness, outdoor adventures, water sports, farm-to-fork cuisine, massage, educational classes, and more.  All-inclusive rates include airport transportation, a private room and ensuite bath, chef-prepared meals, a Functional Movement Assessment, daily activities and hikes, fitness classes, and educational wellness seminars.
That’s one way the beautifully presented, animal-protein-centric food comes in. Of course, protein is excellent fuel, but the meal plan is also meant to prove that healthy choices don’t require deprivation. You can eat more or less like a normal American, red meat and all (though they accommodate vegetarians handily). Between the reasonably sized meals and copious snacks (to keep blood sugar even), I was never hungry, and occasionally doubted that it really added up to 1,200 calories a day (1,400 for men)—though the fat-measuring scale convinced many of us otherwise.
In this diet-induced weight-loss trial, higher baseline PFAS concentrations were associated with a greater weight regain, especially in women, possibly explained by a slower return of RMR levels. These data provide initial evidence suggesting that PFASs may interfere with human body weight regulation and counteract efforts to maintain weight loss in adults. 

Thanks to an increased interest in food and food trends, recipe videos are likely dominating your social media feeds. And their constant presence could be hindering your weight loss goals, especially since many of the brief clips spotlight unhealthy dishes and sweets. “The internet and social media sites are basically making you fat,” Lisa Hayim, MS, RD, and founder of The WellNecessities, told us in The 30 Worst Flat Belly Mistakes Women Make. “If it isn’t 25 ways to eat tater tots then it’s [another] national [something] day. The internet has made it basically impossible to stay away from cravings and indulgences. These are not excuses to eat unhealthy food.” Next time you see one of these videos, scroll quickly past. Or better yet, unfollow the page completely, and follow Eat This, Not That! on Facebook for healthier videos and more slimming tips.
If beef is your prefered source of protein, make sure you’re eating the grass-fed stuff. Ground beef, a T-bone steak, or prime rib are amongst the healthiest cuts because they’re lower in unhealthy fats than other forms of beef and actually contain more heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids than some fish. Just be sure to limit your red meat consumption to around two three-ounce servings per week in order to keep your cholesterol in check, and stick to low-calorie rubs and spices as opposed to sugary sauces to flavor the meal.
“This is like yogurt, but even better because it has more live active cultures to nourish your GI tract so the good bacteria thrive,” Rebecca Scritchfield, RDN, author of the upcoming book, Body Kindness tells us in Surprising Winter Foods That Melt Fat. Worth noting: “Even though it’s dairy, kefir is 99 percent lactose-free because the kefir cultures break down lactose so you don’t have to!”

It’s insane what some will do to have a slight edge in a fight. The biggest example that comes to mind is Anthony Johnson. The dude would walk around at like ~230 lbs and fight in the 170 lb weight class. He would rag-doll guys because of the huge size advantage. Of course, he always had trouble making weight, but it’s still a huge advantage if you can do it properly.
A recent JAMA Internal Medicine study of nearly 4,000 couples found that people are more likely to stick to healthy habits when they team up with a partner. Invite your honey to a Saturday morning run and then hit the showers together—knowing you have something steamy to look forward to afterward should serve as some additional motivation. And speaking of getting frisky, be sure to check out these 30 Best Proteins for Your Penis.
When eating out or picking up a quick lunch on your break, ask for any sauce or dressing on the side. Though these emulsions often add flavor to a dish, they’re also frequently packed with empty calories, added sugar, and a whole host of other unhealthy stuff that makes shedding pounds that much harder. For example, just one three-tablespoon serving of Panera Bread’s Greek dressing has 230 calories. 3.5 grams of saturated fat, and 310 milligrams of sodium. By asking for the sauce or dressing on the side, you have more control over how much of it you eat, and you could easily save yourself a few hundred calories.
Plain and simple: We just don't feel full by liquid calories in quite the same way as we do real food. Drinking a juice or caramel coffee drink, for instance, won't make you feel full the way eating a bowl of veggie- and protein-packed stir-fry will. So monitor your intake of juice, soda, sweetened coffee and tea, and alcoholic beverages. If you consume each of those beverages during the day, you'll have taken in at least 800 extra calories by nighttime — and you'll still be hungry. (Incidentally, alcohol may suppress the metabolism of fat, making it tougher for you to burn those calories.) Some other ways to skip sugar? Check 'em out here. 

In a 2015 Orlando Health survey of more than a thousand respondents, the majority cited their inability to stay consistent with a diet or exercise plan as their primary barrier to weight loss success. Sounds common, but here’s the kicker: Only one in 10 of the survey respondents noted their psychological well-being as part of the equation—and it’s likely why nearly two out of three people who lost five percent of their total weight ended up gaining it all back. Yikes! To unlock the door to weight loss success and stop emotional eating, try keeping a journal that tracks your food choices and current mood. Then, look for unhealthy patterns, which can help you recognize specific emotional connections you have with food. Once you’re more aware of these connections, it will be easier to adopt healthier eating patterns. Do you always reach for something sugary when you’re stressed or devour fries when you’re sad? Instead, try more productive ways to cope, like going for a brisk walk or texting a friend.
“They may be small, but these sweet-tasting fruits contain a hefty amount of actinidin, a natural enzyme unique to kiwifruit that aids in digestion by breaking down protein in the body. Kiwifruit also contains prebiotic fiber, which primes the gut for healthy digestion,” Scritchfield says. “Research indicates that a daily serving of green kiwifruit helps increase bowel movements. So, cut in half, scoop with a spoon, and pop into your mouth like nature’s Tums (SunGold kiwis, with a yellow flesh and tropical taste, offer three times the vitamin C of oranges and as much potassium as a medium banana).”
But perhaps the biggest change has been in my mindset. I’m learning that health is all about balance, which I’ve always known but to be here and live it has been eye opening and comforting seeing it firsthand. It’s so easy to fall into an "all or nothing" mindset, thinking that if I couldn't do everything perfectly then it wasn't worth trying or if I “messed up” then it wasn’t worth continuing on.

Why a top-pick? Duke Diet & Fitness is affiliated with Duke University Medical Center, so clients are able to take advantage of cutting-edge academic and medical resources and the latest in weight loss research. There are a wide range of dietary and fitness options available to accommodate different sizes and medical needs. Patients who have recently undergone bariatric surgery can also be accommodated. Aftercare is provided so clients have access to support services after returning home. Duke Diet & Fitness was founded in 1969, so it has a long history of providing quality care.


When it comes to losing weight, we have been told time and again to eat right and exercise regularly. From following a healthy diet plan to working out regime, those who want to lose weight leave no stone unturned to get a fitter body. But often, we miss on some basic yet important things which might also impact our weight loss journey. Here we have mentioned a few important things that must be followed to maintain a healthy body weight.

Some simple strategies, such as making protein a staple of meals and snacks or starting a weight loss routine with cardio before switching to weight training and resistance later on, can help support your weight loss goals. Many people find it beneficial to focus on small, achievable lifestyle goals to work on their emotional health alongside weight loss. For example, rather than looking for a low number on the scale, you may focus on reaching a point where you feel comfortable playing sports or attending a group fitness class. Similarly, aiming for moderate goals that can gradually build to bigger change can help you avoid the pitfalls of rapid, short-term solutions.
Spoon Guru nutritionist Isabel Butler (MSc, ANutr) recommends that “the best way to reduce weight and maintain the weight loss is by simply eating a balanced and healthy diet, without refusing yourself particular foods… If you do cut out foods, you need to make sure your diet is still balanced and you are getting the nutrients your body needs from other sources.”  

Featured on the NBC hit reality TV show, “The Biggest Loser,” this resort’s reputation certainly precedes itself. The resort has locations in Malibu, Calif.; Niagara, N.Y. and just recently Chicago, but the original Ivins, Utah location beat out the others (and took first place) in SpaFinder’s readers’ choice top 100 spas in 2012. The resort’s program is similar to what viewers see on TV: intense and group-oriented. During the seven-day program (from $2,695 for a private room), guests start off each day with a scenic guided hike. From there, participants partake in core strength training, cardio, water aerobics, cooking demonstrations and more. After the day is done, guests have the opportunity to relax in the heated swimming pool or at the full-service spa.


Then comes lunch. Today at lunch I had vegetable soup, salad, and a small cup of turkey chili with broccoli mixed in. (That's one of the tricks I've learned here—adding veggies is an easy way to bulk up food so I feel like I'm eating more.) After lunch I take a 15-minute "thermal walk" or bike ride. These are short bursts of activity to keep my metabolism active and burning fat after eating.
Healthy midnight snacks are OK, but try not to graze in the window of time between breakfast and lunch. A study published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association found mid-morning snackers typically eat more over the course of a day than afternoon snackers. Furthermore, researchers found that dieters with the mid-morning munchies lost an average of 7 percent of their total body weight while those who did not snack before lunch lost more than 11 percent of their body weight.
In a diet-induced weight-loss setting among overweight and obese individuals, higher baseline plasma PFAS concentrations were significantly associated with greater weight regain, especially in women, accompanied by a slower regression of RMR. These findings suggest that environmental chemicals may play a role in the current obesity epidemic. More studies are warranted to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the link between PFAS exposure and weight regulation in humans.
Most people think of their protein or meat as their meal’s main event, but that shouldn’t be the case. “Place flavorful vegetables front and center on lunch and dinner plates, accompanied by sides of protein and whole grains,” registered dietitian Cheryl Forberg said. By simply rearranging your plate, you’ll automatically consume fewer calories and take in more health-protective vitamins and nutrients.

Every person has a different palate, a unique attitude toward food, and various likes and dislikes. That means you need to find a nutrition plan that works best for you. The phrase "healthy eating" gets thrown around a lot, but for many people, the changes needed to get there aren't as big as they think. It might just be replacing your usual snack for a healthier one, and fixing the one meal each day where you are most likely to overeat.
It is possible to do more in less time — at least when it comes to your workouts. By incorporating interval training — that means bursts of high-intensity moves — you’ll give your metabolism a huge boost, says Glenn Gaesser, Ph.D., director of the Kinesiology Program at the University of Virginia and author of The Spark. If you usually jog at a consistent pace, try adding a 30-second to one-minute sprint every five minutes, or, if you’re on a treadmill, change up the incline for one-minute intervals.
Listen up: Skipping meals will not make you lose weight faster. If a hectic day makes a sit-down meal impossible, stash an energy bar or a piece of fruit in your car or tote, keep snacks in your office desk drawer, and make a point of getting up to grab a nosh — anything that will keep you from going hungry! Going long periods of time without food does double-duty harm on our healthy eating efforts by both slowing down your metabolism, and priming you for another binge later in the day. (Think: You've skipped breakfast and lunch, so you're ready to takedown a whole turkey by dinner!) Make it your mission to eat three meals and two snacks every day, and don't wait longer than three to four hours without eating. Set a "snack alarm" on your phone if needed.
Once you start to feel the effects of all these positive benefits, the result will be a healthier lifestyle you can stick to for the long term. “Many people tell me that when they feel happier, they want to sustain that feeling, so it just makes sense to choose habits that support it, like reaching for water instead of soda, taking the stairs rather than the elevator, and snacking on fruit and almonds in place of cookies,” Sass says. “External thoughts, like ‘I should do that,’ become internally driven choices that just feel right.” Focusing on the positive changes to your health rather than the number on the scale, Sass says, will likely make you feel more excited about other healthy behaviors, like drinking more water and eating more veggies. Make these 50 easy ways to lose weight naturally part of your routine.
Low body weight and rapid unintentional weight loss are highly predictive of mortality and morbidity in the elderly population. Weight loss is frequently reported in elderly patients. Acute and chronic diseases are leading causes of involuntary weight loss. Whereas physical disease probably accounts for a majority of cases of involuntary weight loss, psychiatric disorders such as dementia and depression also may result in severe nutritional deficiencies. Additional physiological, psychological, and social factors may affect food intake and body weight. Changes in body composition include loss of height and lean body mass and lower basal metabolic rate. Energy requirements decrease because of the lower basal metabolic rate and reduced physical activity. These low energy requirements make it more difficult for the elderly to obtain adequate amounts of required nutrients. Food intake regulation, taste, and olfactory sensitivity may be altered. As 50% of Americans have lost all of their teeth by age 65, chewing problems are often present. Other factors that contribute to poor nutritional status include alterations in the gastrointestinal tract, functional disabilities, lowered socioeconomic status, and social isolation. Finally, because of the increase in both physical and psychiatric disease, the elderly are major users of prescription drugs. Drug/nutrient interactions can result in anorexia and weight loss. The findings indicate that factors causing unintentional weight loss are highly interrelated and difficult to separate. Health care professionals must monitor body weight in elderly persons and carefully evaluate any cases of rapid, unintentional weight loss to prevent further deterioration of health status.

before and after weight loss women over 40

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